As we get older our skin gets thinner and less supple. With ageing, the bonding fibres, collagen and elastin, located under the surface of our skin start to weaken. This, combined with exposure to such factors as sun, cigarette smoke, pollution and stress can make the skin more prone to damage and slower to repair itself. The end result is fine lines and wrinkles.
Fine lines are lines about one to two millimetres in depth and are caused by sagging skin associated with ageing. They are usually the earliest sign of ageing. Wrinkles are lines that are deeper than two millimetres and are mainly caused by muscle contraction when we smile, frown, squint etc. Repeated muscle contraction over the years creates folds in the same place leading to a wrinkle.
How can I prevent them?
Although wrinkles and fine lines are a natural part of the ageing process, there are some steps you can take to help delay their onset.
Avoid the sun: Limiting sun exposure, either by staying out of the sun or using a reputable sun screen, will definitely help maintain your youthful complexion a little longer.
Stop smoking: The chemicals in cigarettes damage collagen and elastin resulting in prematurely wrinkled skin. These skin changes may occur after only 10 years of smoking.
Get adequate sleep: when you don’t get enough sleep, the body produces excess cortisol, a hormone that breaks down skin cells. When you get enough rest you produce more human growth hormone, which helps skin remain thick, more elastic, and less likely to wrinkle.
Moisturize daily with SPF: Applying a moisturizer with SPF daily will prevent further sun damage. Apply this to your neck as well as your face.
How can I treat them?
There are many professional treatments available for reducing fine lines and wrinkles such as Botox and dermabrasion. For home treatment, skincare products with antioxidants can combat against the effects of free radicals on your skin (caused by such factors as sun exposure or smoking) and slow the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Timeless Truth’s Deep Sea Extract Moisturising Facial Sheet Mask contains seaweed and hyaluronic acid, both of which contain powerful antioxidant, anti-ageing properties. Seaweed contains an extraordinary wealth of mineral elements, vitamins and trace elements and has been long used for promoting healthy, youthful skin. Hyaluronic acid is a natural structural component of the skin and is found in connective tissue throughout the human body. It improves the moisture content of the skin, keeping it plump, hydrated and young-looking.